Aesthetic Issues


There can be many reasons for missing teeth, the most common being tooth decay and gum disease.



There are several reasons why some people’s teeth grow in crooked, overlapping, or twisted. Some people’s mouths are too small for their teeth, which crowds the teeth and causes them to shift. In other cases, a person’s upper and lower jaws aren’t the same size or are malformed, resulting in either an overbite, when there is excessive protrusion of the upper jaw, or an under bite, when the lower jaw protrudes forward causing the lower jaw and teeth to extend out beyond the upper teeth.

Crooked teeth and misaligned bites can:

  • Interfere with proper chewing
  • Strain the teeth, jaws, and muscles, increasing the risk of breaking a tooth
  • Make people feel self-conscious about their appearance
  • Make keeping teeth clean more challenging
  • Increasing the risk of tooth decay, cavities, and gingivitis

While you can see for yourself if teeth are crooked, your dentist can determine if the problem warrants treatment. Your dentist will look for the following signs:

  • Abnormal alignment of teeth
  • Difficulty or discomfort when chewing or biting
  • Abnormal appearance of the face
  • Speech difficulties, including a lisp


Once a diagnosis is made, your dentist can decide the best treatment for your teeth or misaligned bite. For some people, a removable retainer (to stabilize the new position of teeth) will be all that’s needed to correct the problem. Removal of one or more teeth may be required if overcrowding is the main problem. For most people, braces or Invisalign are necessary to correct the problem.


There are several causes of tooth discolorations, including:

  1. Drinks: coffee, tea, colas, wines.
  2. Tobacco use: smoking or chewing tobacco.
  3. Poor dental hygiene: inadequate brushing and flossing to remove plaque and stain-producing substances
  4. Disease: several diseases that affect enamel (the hard surface of the teeth) and dentin (the underlying material under enamel) can lead to tooth discoloration. Treatments for certain conditions can also affect tooth color. For example, head and neck radiation and chemotherapy can cause teeth discoloration. Certain infections in pregnant mothers can cause tooth discoloration in the infant during enamel development.
  5. Medications: the antibiotics tetracycline and doxycycline given to children whose teeth are still developing (before age 8). Mouth rinses and washes containing chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride. Antihistamines, antipsychotic drugs, and drugs for high blood pressure.
  6. Dental materials: some of the materials used in dentistry, such as amalgam restorations, especially silver sulfide-containing materials.
  7. Advancing age: as you age, the outer layer of enamel on your teeth gets worn away, revealing the natural yellow color of dentin.
  8. Genetics: some people have naturally brighter or thicker enamel than others.
  9. Environment: excessive fluoride from environmental sources (e.g. naturally high fluoride levels in water)
  10. Excessive fluoride use (e.g. fluoride applications, rinses, toothpaste, and fluoride supplements taken by mouth)
  11. Trauma: for example, damage from a fall can disturb enamel formation in young children whose teeth are still developing. Trauma can also cause discoloration to adult teeth.


By making a few simple lifestyle changes, you may be able to prevent teeth discoloration. For example, if you are a coffee drinker and/or smoker, consider cutting back or quitting all together. Also, improve your dental hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly and getting your teeth cleaned by a dental hygienist every 6 months.

If your teeth appear to be an abnormal color without ready explanation and, if other symptoms are also present, make an appointment to see your dentist.



Porcelain veneers allow a dentist to change the shape, color and length of teeth


Today, cosmetic dentistry is more popular than ever, from whitening and shaping to closing spaces and replacing teeth. We offer a wide array treatment options to enhance your smile such as: